• Support a Democratic, Secular, Republic and Non-Nuclear Iran

Amnesty International

  • URGENT ACTION: Seven Iranians abducted from Camp Ashraf

    Seven Iranian exiles, members of the People’s Mojahedeen Organization of Iran (PMOI), were abducted from Camp Ashraf, northeast of Baghdad, on 1 September by armed men who had attacked the Camp and killed 52 residents. Unconfirmed reports have suggested that they are in the custody of the Iraqi authorities. They are at risk of torture or other ill-treatment and could be forcibly returned to Iran.
    Six women, Fatemeh Tahoori, Vajihe Karbalaey (aka Vajihe Karbalaey Fatah), Mahnaz Azizi (aka Mahbobeh Lashkari), Lila Nabahat, Zahra Ramezani (aka Sedegh Ebrahimpour), Fatema Sakhie and a man, Mohammad Ratebi (aka Mohsen Nicknamei) were abducted on 1 September from Camp Ashraf, about 60km north-east of Baghdad in Diyala governorate, when the camp was raided by armed men who shot and killed 52 camp residents. All of the seven are members of the People’s Mojahedeen Organization of Iran (PMOI), an Iranian opposition group. Amnesty International condemns the killing of the 52 residents and has called for an independent and impartial investigation into the killings.
    Eye witnesses from the Camp stated that they had seen the seven people in handcuffs, being beaten and thrown to the ground and then taken away in a white minibus. Their whereabouts remain unknown although unconfirmed reports have suggested that the seven were held in a detention facility at the former al-Muthanna airport in central Baghdad. The Iraqi government has denied responsibility for the attack although Iraqi forces have been responsible for previous attacks on the camp that resulted in dozens of resident deaths.


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  • Iraq must urgently investigate attack against Iranian exile camp

    Press releases

     Authorities in Iraq must urgently investigate the attack against a camp of Iranian exiles that left several people dead and injured and ensure all those wounded receive appropriate medical care, said Amnesty International today.

    The investigation should also look into the conduct of Iraqi security forces in the lead up and during the attack and whether they have failed to prevent any such attack.

    Several people reportedly died and have been injured as a result of the attack against Camp Liberty, home of some 3,000 Iranians in exile in Iraq, on 9 February.

    “The attack against Camp Liberty is a despicable crime,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International Middle East and North Africa Programme’s Deputy Director. 

    “Authorities in Iraq must ensure not only that those responsible for this attack are brought to justice but that those living in the camp are protected.”

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  • Iraq Government urged to investigate deadly attack on Camp Liberty


    AI Index: MDE 14/010/2013


    Amnesty International urges the authorities in Iraq to immediately investigate Saturday’s rocket attack on Camp Liberty which reportedly left two residents dead and dozens injured.

    In the early afternoon of 15 June 2013 Camp liberty, home of around 3200 Iranian exiles, came under rocket attacks. Kolthoum Sarahati, a female resident, reportedly died instantly in the attack. A second resident, Javad Naghashan, is believed to have died later in hospital as a result of his injuries. At least 27 others were said to have been injured during the attack.

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  • Iraq: Restraint urged at Camp Ashraf as government forces mass

    Amnesty International has warned Iraqi authorities against taking any unnecessary military action that would put civilian lives in danger, amid reports of a military build-up inside a camp for Iranian exiles north of Baghdad.

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  • Iraq authorities must investigate excessive use of force in Camp Ashraf

    Since 1986, Camp Ashraf in Iraq has been home to around 3,500 members or supporters of the People’s Mojahedeen Organization of Iran (PMOI), an Iranian opposition group.

    Over the last year or so, several Iraqi government officials have publicly stated that Camp Ashraf residents must evacuate the camp and leave the country.

    Nine Camp Ashraf residents were killed and hundreds more were injured when Iraqi security forces stormed the camp on 28 July. Another 36 were detained and subjected to beatings and torture.

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  • We are ordered to crush you

    During 2011, a number of individuals appear to have been arrested solely on account of their family links to members of the PMOI. In other cases, unduly harsh sentences appear motivated by family links with PMOI members. The PMOI, formerly engaged in armed action against the Iranian government, is based in Iraq. Some 3,400 Iranian refugees and exiles, mostly PMOI members, live in Camp Ashraf, Iraq, where they were given refuge by Saddam Hussain years before he was overthrown by a US-led coalition in 2003, although the residents are in the process of being relocated.

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    Ja’far Kazemi and Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei were executed on 24 January in Evin Prison,
    Tehran. They were convicted of moharebeh (enmity against God) for links with the banned
    political group, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), and “propaganda against
    the system”. Arrested in 2009 their death sentences were confirmed in 2010. Four others
    remain at risk of imminent execution.

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    Ali Saremi (or Sarami) was executed without warning on 28 December 2010 in Evin Prison,
    Tehran. He had been sentenced to death in December 2009 for “enmity against God” for his
    alleged membership of a banned opposition group, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran
    (PMOI). Seven other people with alleged links to the same organization are also under sentence
    of death. All their trials are believed to have been unfair.

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  • Unlawful detentions in Iraq

    In July 2009 the government stated that it had set up an investigation into the killing of six
    Iranian refugees, members of the People’s Mojahedeen Organization of Iran (PMOI),83 in
    Camp Ashraf in Diyala governorate after the camp had been raided by Iraqi security forces
    provoking an international outcry. As of July 2010 it is not known to Amnesty International
    whether the investigation had been conducted. If it was conducted the findings have not
    been made public.

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    Between 400 and 800 Iranian nationals living in a camp in Iraq could be transferred to a
    new location at the end of this year. Their security could be at risk while they are being
    moved. Amnesty International is calling on the Iraqi authorities to ensure their

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