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With Brutal Crackdown, Iran Convulsed by Worst Unrest in 40 Years


  • With Brutal Crackdown, Iran Convulsed by Worst Unrest in 40 Years

    The New York Times – By Carlos Christian

    December 3, 2019

    Iran is experiencing its deadliest political unrest for the reason that Islamic Revolution 40 years in the past, with no less than 180 individuals killed — and presumably a whole lot extra — as indignant protests have been smothered in a authorities crackdown of unbridled pressure.

    It started two weeks in the past with an abrupt enhance of no less than 50% in gasoline costs. Inside 72 hours, outraged demonstrators in cities giant and small have been calling for an finish to the Islamic Republic’s authorities and the downfall of its leaders.

    In lots of locations, safety forces responded by opening fireplace on unarmed protesters, largely unemployed or low-income younger males between the ages of 19 and 26, in response to witness accounts and movies. Within the southwest metropolis of Mahshahr alone, witnesses and medical personnel mentioned, Revolutionary Guard members surrounded, shot and killed 40 to 100 demonstrators — principally unarmed younger males — in a marsh the place they’d sought refuge.

    “The current use of deadly pressure in opposition to individuals all through the nation is unprecedented, even for the Islamic Republic and its document of violence,” mentioned Omid Memarian, deputy director on the Middle for Human Rights in Iran, a New York-based group.

    Altogether, between 180 to 450 individuals — presumably extra — have been killed in 4 days of intense violence after the gasoline value enhance was introduced Nov. 15, with no less than 2,000 wounded and seven,000 detained, in response to worldwide rights organizations, opposition teams and native journalists.

    The final huge wave of protests in Iran — in 2009, after a contested election, which was additionally met with a lethal crackdown — left 72 individuals lifeless over a for much longer interval of about 10 months.

    Solely now, almost two weeks after the protests have been crushed — and largely obscured by an web blackout within the nation that was lifted lately — have particulars corroborating the scope of killings and destruction began to dribble out.

    The newest outbursts not solely revealed staggering ranges of frustration with Iran’s leaders but additionally underscored the intense financial and political challenges dealing with them, from the Trump administration’s onerous sanctions on the nation to the rising resentment towards Iran by neighbors in an more and more unstable Center East.

    The gasoline value enhance, which was introduced as most Iranians had gone to mattress, got here as Iran struggles to fill a yawning finances hole. The Trump administration sanctions, most notably their tight restrictions on exports of Iran’s oil, are an enormous cause for the shortfall. The sanctions are supposed to stress Iran into renegotiating the 2015 nuclear settlement between Iran and main world powers, which President Donald Trump deserted, calling it too weak.

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    A lot of the nationwide unrest appeared concentrated in neighborhoods and cities populated by low-income and working-class households, suggesting this was an rebellion born within the traditionally loyal energy base of Iran’s post-revolutionary hierarchy.

    Many Iranians, stupefied and embittered, have directed their hostility immediately on the supreme chief, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who known as the crackdown a justified response to a plot by Iran’s enemies at house and overseas.

    The killings prompted a provocative warning from Mir Hossein Mousavi, an opposition chief and former presidential candidate whose 2009 election loss set off peaceable demonstrations that Khamenei additionally suppressed by pressure.

    In a press release posted Saturday on an opposition web site, Mousavi, who has been below home arrest since 2011 and rarely speaks publicly, blamed the supreme chief for the killings. He in contrast them to an notorious 1978 bloodbath by authorities forces that led to the downfall of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi a yr later by the hands of Islamic revolutionaries who now rule the nation.

    “The killers of the yr 1978 have been the representatives of a nonreligious regime, and the brokers and shooters of November 2019 are the representatives of a spiritual authorities,” he mentioned. “Then the commander in chief was the shah and at the moment, right here, the supreme chief with absolute authority.”

    Authorities have declined to specify casualties and arrests and have denounced unofficial figures on the nationwide dying toll as speculative. However the nation’s inside minister, Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli, has cited widespread unrest across the nation.

    On state media, he mentioned that protests had erupted in 29 out of 31 provinces and 50 navy bases had been attacked — which, if true, suggests a stage of coordination absent within the earlier protests. The property injury additionally included 731 banks, 140 public areas, 9 spiritual facilities, 70 gasoline stations, 307 automobiles, 183 police vehicles, 1,076 bikes and 34 ambulances, the inside minister mentioned. Iran’s official media have reported that a number of members of the safety forces have been killed and injured throughout the clashes.

    The worst violence documented to date occurred within the metropolis of Mahshahr and its suburbs, with a inhabitants of 120,000 individuals in Iran’s southwest Khuzestan province — a area with an ethnic Arab majority that has a protracted historical past of unrest and opposition to the central authorities. Mahshahr is adjoining to the nation’s largest industrial petrochemical complicated and serves as a gateway to Bandar Imam, a significant port.

    The New York Occasions interviewed six residents of the town, together with a protest chief who had witnessed the violence; a reporter based mostly within the metropolis who works for Iranian media and had investigated the violence however was banned from reporting it; and a nurse on the hospital the place casualties have been handled.

    They every offered comparable accounts of how the Revolutionary Guard deployed a big pressure to Mahshahr on Monday, Nov. 18, to crush the protests. All spoke on situation of anonymity for worry of retribution by the Guard.

    For 3 days, in response to these residents, protesters had efficiently gained management of most of Mahshahr and its suburbs, blocking the principle street to the town and the adjoining industrial petrochemical complicated. Iran’s inside minister confirmed that protesters had gained management over Mahshahr and its roads in a televised interview final week, however the Iranian authorities didn’t reply to particular questions in current days concerning the mass killings within the metropolis.

    Native safety forces and riot cops had tried to disperse the group and open the roads however failed, residents mentioned. A number of clashes between protesters and safety forces erupted between Saturday night and Monday morning earlier than Guard members have been dispatched there.

    When the Guard arrived close to the doorway to a suburb, Shahrak Chamran, populated by low-income members of Iran’s ethnic Arab minority, they instantly shot with out warning at dozens of males blocking the intersection, killing a number of on the spot, in response to the residents interviewed by cellphone.

    The residents mentioned the opposite protesters scrambled to a close-by marsh and that certainly one of them, apparently armed with an AK-47, fired again. The Guard instantly encircled the lads and responded with machine-gun fireplace, killing as many as 100 individuals, the residents mentioned.

    The Guard piled the lifeless onto the again of a truck and departed, the residents mentioned, and kinfolk of the wounded then transported them to Memko Hospital.

    One of many residents, a 24-year-old unemployed school graduate in chemistry who had helped arrange the protests blocking the roads, mentioned he had been lower than 1 mile away from the mass capturing and that his greatest buddy, additionally 24, and a 32-year-old cousin have been among the many lifeless.

    He mentioned they each had been shot within the chest and their our bodies have been returned to the households 5 days later, solely after they’d signed paperwork promising to not maintain funerals or memorial companies and to not give interviews to media.

    The younger protest organizer mentioned he, too, was shot within the ribs Nov. 19, the day after the mass capturing, when the Guard stormed with tanks into his neighborhood, Shahrak Taleghani, among the many poorest suburbs of Mahshahr.

    He mentioned a gunbattle erupted for hours between the Guard and ethnic Arab residents, who historically hold weapons for searching at house. Iranian state media and witnesses reported {that a} senior Guard commander had been killed in a Mahshahr conflict. Video on Twitter suggests tanks had been deployed there.

    A 32-year-old nurse in Mahshahr reached by cellphone mentioned she had tended to the wounded on the hospital and that the majority had sustained gunshot wounds to the pinnacle and chest.

    She described chaotic scenes on the hospital, with households speeding to usher in the casualties, together with a 21-year-old who was to be married however couldn’t be saved. “‘Give me again my son!’” the nurse quoted his sobbing mom as saying. “‘It’s his marriage ceremony in two weeks!’”

    The nurse mentioned safety forces stationed on the hospital arrested among the wounded protesters after their situations had stabilized. She mentioned some kinfolk, fearing arrest themselves, dropped wounded family members on the hospital and fled, overlaying their faces.

    On Nov. 25, per week after it occurred, the town’s consultant in parliament, Mohamad Golmordai, vented outrage in a blunt second of searing anti-government criticism that was broadcast on Iranian state tv and captured in images and movies uploaded to the web.

    “What have you ever performed that the undignified Shah didn’t do?” Golmordai screamed from the parliament ground as a scuffle broke out between him and different lawmakers, together with one who grabbed him by the throat.

    The native reporter in Mahshahr mentioned the full variety of individuals killed in three days of unrest within the space had reached 130, together with these killed within the marsh.

    In different cities corresponding to Shiraz and Shahriar, dozens have been reported killed within the unrest by safety forces who fired on unarmed protesters, in response to rights teams and movies posted by witnesses.

    “This regime has pushed individuals towards violence,” mentioned Yousef Alsarkhi, 29, a political activist from Khuzestan who migrated to the Netherlands 4 years in the past. “The extra they repress, the extra aggressive and indignant individuals get.”

    Political analysts mentioned the protests appeared to have delivered a extreme blow to President Hassan Rouhani, a relative average in Iran’s political spectrum, all however guaranteeing that hard-liners would win upcoming parliamentary elections and the presidency in two years.

    The robust response to the protests additionally appeared to sign a hardening rift between Iran’s leaders and sizable segments of the inhabitants of 83 million.

    “The federal government’s response was uncompromising, brutal and speedy,” mentioned Henry Rome, an Iran analyst on the Eurasia Group, a political danger consultancy in Washington. Nonetheless, he mentioned, the protests additionally had “demonstrated that many Iranians usually are not afraid to take to the streets.”


  • US House of Reps Passes Resolution Condemning Iranian Government

    By Pooya Stone

    On Monday, the US House of Representatives passed a resolution to condemn the Iranian government for its crackdown on peaceful protests and support the rights of the Iranian people to freedom of expression.

    The resolution, sponsored by Theodore Deutch (D-Fl), noted that the recent Iran uprising began over a sudden hike in the price of fuel and quickly became a call for regime change. This was “the most significant anti government protests in Iran since June 2009” and the authorities cracked down violently on the protesters arresting 12,000 and killing 1,000, even shutting down the internet to prevent news of the protests and the crackdown from spreading.

    The resolution said: “Reports indicate that Iranian Government authorities have, in many instances, refused to return victims’ bodies to their families and that security forces have removed bodies from morgues and transferred them to unknown locations.”

    It quoted US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who had said on November 18: “The United States is monitoring the ongoing protests in Iran closely. We condemn strongly any acts of violence committed by this regime against the Iranian people and are deeply concerned about reports of several fatalities… The Islamic Republic must cease violence against its own people and should immediately restore the ability of all Iranians to access the free and open internet.”

    It was resolved that the House of Representatives stands with the Iranian people, who are engaged in legitimate and peaceful protests against an oppressive and corrupt government. It further said that the House condemns the Iranian government’s human rights abuses against the Iranian people, as well as significant corruption, and destabilizing activities abroad.

    The resolution commended the executive branch and key allies for their statements in support of the protesters and called on all democratic governments and institutions to support the Iranian people. It also urged the Administration to:

    • convene emergency sessions of the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations Human Rights Council to condemn the ongoing human rights violations perpetrated by the Iranian authorities
    • establish a mechanism by which the Security Council can monitor such violations
    • expedite the license of communications technology to Iran to improve the ability of the Iranian people to speak freely
    • work with the international community to ensure that violations of human rights are part of all formal and informal multilateral or bilateral discussions with and regarding Iran

    The resolution said the House “respects the proud history and rich culture of the Iranian nation and fully supports efforts by the people of Iran to promote the establishment of basic freedoms that build the foundation for the emergence of a freely elected, open, and democratic political system”.

  • Iran: Nationwide Protests to Gas Prices Draws Reaction from Officials

    For the past two days, and after the abrupt announcement of increasing gas prices hikes by the government, the Iranian people poured into the streets in more than 100 cities. However, while the protests began against the government’s approval for rising fuel prices, they immediately targeted the ruling system in its entirety. Notably, after the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei defended the rising of fuel prices, protests intensified.

    “When the heads of state adopt a decision, one must look at it favorably. I’m not an expert in this field. I said this to the officials. Experts have different opinions on the issue of gasoline. Some see it as vital, and others think it’s harmful. I said I’m not an expert, but if the heads of the three branches decide on it, I will support them. That’s what I said, and I will support them.” Khamenei announced in his primary lecture on November 17.

    The nationwide protests severely terrify the Iranian rulers. In recent demonstrations in Iraq and Lebanon, they called their surrogates to crack down with showing no mercy. “We have experienced such protests in Iran, and it should be quelled forcefully,” an Iraqi security official quoted the commander of Revolutionary Guards’ Quds Force Qasem Soleimani as saying.

    In this regard, the Iran-dominated government in Iraq started a brutal suppression using snipers and black masked-men against Iraqi protesters. In Lebanon, the most prominent Iran-backed group in the region, Hezbollah, attacked peaceful protesters’ rally in Beirut and torched their tents. However, the Iranian government’s plan failed to stifle widespread protests in both countries. Insofar as despite a militant suppression in Iran and the murderer of dozens of youths, protests are still going on.

    The Iranian authorities resorted to cutting off the internet to prevent the news from reaching the world. They also pursue to quell the rightful Iranian demonstrations in silence. In this context, Ali Khamenei frankly ordered his thugs to slaughter protesters justifying, “No wise person who loves his country, who loves his suitable life, mustn’t help these [protesters]. These are ‘hooligans’!” He also admitted, “Some people are worried or angry over this decision [gasoline prices hike], or it’s to a detriment, or they think it is, and they are unhappy.”

    However, the question is, despite the authorities anticipating the society’s reaction, why did they adopt this approval? Notably, the gas prices hike is taking place while discussions over this plan have been lengthened over a year in Majlis sessions. The reality is the Iranian government’s situation has never been as “difficult and complicated” as it is today. “Iran is experiencing one of its hardest years since the 1979 Islamic revolution,” Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani said in the city of Kerman, November 12.

    Rouhani admitted the impact of the U.S. sanctions ruined the Iranian government sponsorship of terrorism and pursuit the nuclear bomb-making program. “When the country faces problems selling oil, how are we supposed to manage the country?” Rouhani raised in the same speech in Kerman. He also stressed that his government needs oil revenue to run the country in denial of Khamenei’s remarks about the “resistance economy” and the growth of “non-petrol industries.”

    He also promised to compensate the budget deficit at the expense of the people instead of declining the wages of Iran-backed militias in neighboring countries. “Our annual budget is 450 trillion tomans (around $41 billion). We have two necessities; first, we need rials (Iran’s currency). These 450 trillion tomans… where is this money supposed to come from? Thirty percent of our country’s revenue is provided through taxes and customs. The main revenue that runs the country is oil money,” Rouhani said in Kerman.

    However, the recent nationwide protests in Iran have proven that the Iranian people will not allow the government to waste the national capital on its adventurism. While the protests started against the petrol prices hike, they followed by rejecting the state’s expansionist policies in other countries. The slogans, “Get rid of Syria, think about us,” and “Neither Gaza nor Lebanon, my life for Iran,” showed this truth.

    In these circumstances, given the horrible economic condition that results from government mismanagement and the squandering of national resources, more protests can be expected. Unless the authorities revoke gas prices hikes, which paves the way for grievances further than economic sectors.

  • UN Must Hold Iran Regime Accountable for 1988 Massacre, Other Human Rights Abuses – Amnesty International

    The international community must publicly condemn the deterioration in the Iranian regime’s human rights record during Iran’s upcoming review session at the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva on November 8, Amnesty International said on Wednesday, November 6.

    The organization urged states taking part in Iran’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) to denounce the widespread human rights violations and make concrete recommendations for the Iranian authorities to address them. 

    “From horrific execution rates, to the relentless persecution of human rights defenders, rampant discrimination against women and minorities, and ongoing crimes against humanity, the catalogue of appalling violations recorded in Iran reveals a sharp deterioration in its human rights record,” said Philip Luther, Research and Advocacy Director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International. 

    “Iran’s upcoming UN human rights review session offers a crucial opportunity for the international community to send a strong and clear message to the Iranian authorities that its shocking disregard for human rights will not be tolerated 

    “It is also an opportunity for states to place increased attention on the ongoing enforced disappearance of thousands of political dissidents over the past three decades, a crime against humanity which has been overlooked for far too long by the international community.” 

    Since Iran’s human rights record was last reviewed in 2014, the level of repression by the authorities has risen significantly, Amnesty International pointed out. 

    Thousands of people have been rounded up for expressing their views or taking part in peaceful demonstrations and a vindictive crackdown has been launched against human rights defenders, including activists campaigning against forced veiling laws, in order to destroy the last vestiges of Iran’s civil society. 

    The authorities have further eroded fair trial rights and have executed more than 2,500 people, including juvenile offenders, in blatant violation of international law, Amnesty International said. 

    In a submission to the UN Human Rights Council ahead of the session, Amnesty International concluded that Iran’s regime is “failing on all fronts” when it comes to human rights. 

    The organization said Iran’s regime must lift restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, end discrimination against women and minorities, impose an immediate moratorium on the use of the death penalty, and end torture and other ill-treatment, unfair trials and ongoing crimes against humanity. 

    During its last review session, Iran accepted just 130 out of the 291 recommendations it received from other states. Amnesty International’s analysis indicates that the Iranian authorities have failed to deliver on the majority of those promises.   

    Iran rejected calls during its last UPR to protect the rights of human rights defenders, stop their harassment and release those imprisoned for peacefully exercising their rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly, Amnesty International pointed out. 

    “Instead of strengthening co-operation with civil society and human rights organizations, as Iran had pledged to do, the authorities have instead further undermined these rights, intensifying their crackdown on dissent,” said Philip Luther.   

    Those unjustly imprisoned include journalists, artists and human rights defenders including lawyers, women’s rights defenders, minority rights activists, labour rights activists, environmental activists and those seeking truth, justice and reparations for the 1988 prison massacre. 

    Some of those jailed have been given shockingly harsh prison sentences, in some cases lasting several decades. 

    Amnesty International pointed out that the authorities in Iran have a dreadful record of flouting prisoners’ right to health, deliberately denying medical care to prisoners of conscience, often as punishment, amounting to torture and other ill-treatment. Human rights defender Arash Sadeghi continues to be tortured through the denial of cancer treatment. 

    Meanwhile, in a relentless execution spree, more than 2,500 people have been put to death since Iran’s last UPR session, including at least 17 who were under 18 at the time of the crime, in flagrant violation of international law, the human rights group added. 

    The Iranian authorities also continue to commit the ongoing crime against humanity of enforced disappearance by systematically concealing the fate or whereabouts of several thousand imprisoned political dissidents who were forcibly disappeared and extrajudicially executed in secret between July and September 1988, Amnesty International pointed out.   

  • 94th woman executed in Iran under Rouhani

    <img src=”https://www.usflhr.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/List_of_women_executed.jpg” alt=”” width=”745″ height=”309″ class=”aligncenter size-full wp-image-3409″ />

    August 26, 2019

    in Women’s News – NCRI Women Committee

    On Sunday morning, August 25, 2019, a woman was executed in Mashhad Central Prison. This is the 94th woman executed during six years of Hassan Rouhani’s presidency.

    The Iranian regime has executed at least four women in July, alone. Including Maliheh Salehian from Miandoab who was hanged on July 16, 2019, on charges of murder in the central prison of Mahabad.

    On July 17, 2019, another female prisoner, Zahra Safari Moghadam, 43, was hanged in the Prison of Nowshahr, in northern Iran.

    Two women identified as Arasteh Ranjbar and Nazdar Vatankhah who had already spent 15 years in prison on the charge of murder and complicity in murder, were hanged at the Central Prison of Urmia at dawn on Tuesday, July 23, 2019.

    More than 3,700 people have been executed in Iran in the past six years under Rouhani’s presidency. The woman executed in Mashhad Central Prison is the 94th victim of the clerical regime’s death penalties.

    The Iranian regime is the world’s top record holder of per capita executions. It deploys the death penalty as a tool for maintaining its grab on power and for silencing a disgruntled populace the majority of whom live under the poverty line, while unemployment is rampant in the country and there is no freedom of speech.

    Rule 61 of the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-Custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules) reads, “When sentencing women offenders, courts shall have the power to consider mitigating factors such as lack of criminal history and relative non-severity and nature of the criminal conduct, in the light of women’s caretaking responsibilities and typical backgrounds.”

  • Iran Journalist Claims Asylum in Sweden After Fleeing FM’s Delegation

    By Pooya Stone

    8 AUGUST 2019- An Iranian journalist covering the Nordic trip of Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif fled the delegation and applied for asylum in Sweden, according to Swedish officials on Tuesday.

    The Swedish Migration Agency reported that Amir-Tohid Fazel, an editor at Iran’s ultra-conservative news agency Moj, “applied for a residence permit in Sweden on 21 August 2019”, but didn’t provide any more details.

    In an interview with Swedish television SVT, Fazel said that one of his colleagues in Tehran had contacted him online on August 20, when he was in Sweden, and told him that “four plainclothes [agents] came to the news agency with a warrant for [his] arrest”. The colleague wanted him to tell his family so that they could leave the house.

    Why do the Iranian authorities want to arrest him? Probably because he recently published a list of Iranian officials who allegedly hold dual citizenship in nations that the Iranian government views as “hostile states”, which is a strange occurrence because Tehran doesn’t recognise dual citizenship and refuses to provide consular aid to Iranian dual nationals.

    Fazel managed to slip away from the delegation the day after he was alerted before they left Sweden, but he explained that it was difficult because the “48 bodyguards” are there to provide security for Zarif and “keep an eye on the reporters”.

    He left the hotel for a smoke just after breakfast, before Zarif was due to speak at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, and ran for blocks, before changing his clothes, ditching his SIM card and hailing a car to the nearest police station.

    He said the Iranian government has announced it will file a complaint and he doesn’t know what will happen to his family, but his wife, a teacher, has already lost her job.

    Fazel is also under fire from all sides. He is often linked to powerful hard-liners, including those in the security services. On a Facebook page bearing his name, you can see photos of him interviewing senior figures in Iran’s government, including ex-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and senior Iranian commanders. Indeed, the list he leaked was of officials from supposed moderate President Hassan Rouhani’s cabinet, intended to portray them as potential traitors
    But his asylum claim has been described as to a “betrayal” by hard-line Kayhan newspaper, which is linked to Iran’s powerful supreme leader, who also accused him of having ties to Iran’s pro-reform journalists and political figures. Fazel does not want to talk about his political beliefs.

  • Iran Hangs 94th Woman During Rouhani Presidency

    By Pooya Stone

    27 AUGUST 2019-Iran executed a woman on Sunday in Mashhad, according to the state-run ROKNA news agency.

    The unnamed woman, who was supposedly found guilty of murder, was hanged at dawn on August 25 in the Central Prison of Mashhad.

    She was the 94th woman executed in Iran since alleged moderate Hassan Rouhani became President in 2013.

    The Women’s Committee of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) has condemned this execution, saying that the woman was the victim of the Iranian regime’s misogynist laws and policies, as well as their destruction of the economy.

    The NCRI Women’s Committee called on international human rights and women’s rights organizations to intervene to end the death penalty in Iran.

    They cited Rule 61 of the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-Custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules), which reads: “When sentencing women offenders, courts shall have the power to consider mitigating factors such as lack of criminal history and relative non-severity and nature of the criminal conduct, in the light of women’s caretaking responsibilities and typical backgrounds.”

    Iran executed at least four women in a period of eight days in July including:

    • Maliheh Salehian from Miandoab who was hanged on charges of murder in the Central Prison of Mahabad, Kurdistan on July 16

    • Zahra Safari Moghaddam, 43, who was hanged in the Prison of Nowshahr, northern Iran, on July 17

    • Arasteh Ranjbar and Nazdar Vatankhah, relatives who had already spent 15 years in prison on the charge of murder and complicity in murder, who were hanged in the Central Prison of Urmia, northwestern Iran, on July 23

    The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran Javaid Rehman said, in a report circulated to the UN General Assembly on August 16, that 2018 saw continuing violations of the Iranian people’s right to life, liberty and fair trial, with at least 253 executions of adults and children. He said that Iran’s execution rate “remains one of the highest in the world”.

    Over 3,700 people have been executed in Iran during Rouhani’s presidency. Iran is the world leader in executions per capita, deploying the death penalty as a tool to keep its shaky grasp on power and to silence a disgruntled population. Why the need to silence them? Because most of them live under the poverty line, unemployment is rampant, and there is no freedom of speech.

  • Iran Admits Christianity Is Growing Despite Repression

    By Pooya Stone

    The Iranian Intelligence Minister has publically admitted for the first time that Christianity is spreading throughout Iran.

    During a speech to several Shia Muslim clerics, Mahmoud Alavi said that “Christianity is spreading in parts of Iran”, but tried to dismiss the converts because they were ordinary Iranians “whose jobs are selling sandwiches or similar things”.

    He then told the clerics to end their infighting if they wanted to stop Iranians from converting to Christianity, noting that several converts had listed that among their reasons for converting.

    He said: “We had no choice but to summon them to ask them why they were converting. Some of them said they were looking for a religion that gives them peace. We told them that Islam is the religion of brotherhood and peace. They responded by saying that: ‘All the time we see Muslim clerics and those who preach from the pulpit talk against each other. If Islam is the religion of cordiality, then before anything else, there must be cordiality and peace among the clerics themselves.”

    He added: “It is not the job of the intelligence community to find the roots of these conversions from Islam. But it’s happening right before our eyes.”


    Iran is widely listed as one of the worst countries on earth to be a Christian, with religious freedom group Open Doors USA listing Iran as the 9th worst country for persecution of Christians.

    In order to stop Christianity spreading in Iran, Christians are banned from sharing their faith with non-Christians and church services are not allowed to be conducted in Farsi (Iran’s national language).

    Many Christians are arrested, specifically in the run-up to Christmas, and charged with vague national security crimes. International Christian Concern described this as a “Terror Factory” targeting Christians.

    The ICC said: “In Iran, any practice that contradicts Islam is regarded as a national security threat, punished severely by the court system… Christians may be looking at large fines, detention, lengthy prison sentences, or even execution under Islamic Sharia law.”

    Amnesty International, the Assyrian Policy Institute, and the United Nations have all urged the Iranian government to “respect the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion” and to “quash the convictions and sentences” of those arrested merely for practising their Christian faith.

    The UN said: “This shows a disturbing pattern of individuals being targeted because of their religion or beliefs, in this case, a religious minority in the country. Members of the Christian minority in Iran, particularly those who have converted to the faith, are facing severe discrimination and religious persecution.”

  • Iran: Human Right Situation Is Still a Major Concern

    Iran is one of the few countries in the world that carries out executions in public – a practice that is ordered by the authorities and a practice that human rights organisations have constantly criticised.

    April 25: Iran Human Rights (IHR) has published its 11th annual report on the death penalty in Iran. The death penalty is still be used as a means of punishment in Iran and the rate of execution per capita is very worrying.

    The Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Iran and the Secretary General of the United Nations have both urged Iran to stop this practice. They noted that the Iranian government has refused to end public executions.

    The Iran’s so-called “High Council for Human Rights” responded to the criticism that it received in 2005 by explaining that executions are only carried out in public in “some limited and special circumstances”. Its statement also indicated that “incidents which distort public sentiment” are punishable by public execution. The council also said that public execution is used as a deterrent with regards to crimes related to drugs.

    IHR points out that Iran has not been truthful regarding the public executions. Iranian officials have said that minors are not allowed to be present, yet there is photographic evidence showing that this is not the case. Furthermore, many executions are carried out in front of residential buildings and public places with no attempts to make sure children are not present.

    The report draws attention to a number of individual cases in which Iranian people were executed in public. One such example is that of three prisoners who were charged for armed robbery. They were executed in Shiraz, in a residential area, in November last year.

    The report also noted that there has been an increase in the number of juvenile offenders being executed. Faced with this information, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein called on Iranian authorities to “to abide by international law and immediately halt all executions of people sentenced to death for crimes committed when they were under eighteen”. Iran is the biggest executor of juvenile offenders in the world.

    IHR said that international pressure is essential in urging Iran to restrict the scope of the death penalty. It also said that “creating awareness and mobilisation of civil society” is imperative. First and foremost, the IHR calls on the international community to support the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on human rights in Iran, and of course support the mandate’s renewal.

    The people of Iran, for their part, are also participating in pressuring the Iranian authorities. They have been protesting and holding anti-government demonstrations since December 2017 and they want great change.

    The people have been suppressed and oppressed for decades and they are calling for the clerical system to be held accountable for its past and current actions. This includes a call for justice for the tens of thousands of members of the opposition who were executed in the summer of 1988.

  • Flood in iran all over

    The recent flash floods in Iran have caused hundreds of millions of dollars of damage to Iranian agriculture, according to an official on Thursday. The head of the agriculture ministry’s crisis management, Mohammad Mousavi, estimated that the losses to the agriculture sector are 47 trillion rials (about $350 million) so far.